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Definition of industrial robots and related standardization organizations

Time:2020-09-18 16:26:07 CTR:

Robot machine

• According to the standards ISO 8373-2012 & GB/T 12643-2013, robots are divided into two categories: industrial robots and service robots.

• Industrial robot is defined as: an automatic control, repeatable programming, multi-purpose manipulator, which can program three axes and more than three axes. It can be fixed or mobile and used in industrial automation. Industrial robots are currently widely used in industrial fields such as automobiles, machinery, electronics, and chemicals. Usually include welding robots, spraying robots, assembly robots, arc welding robots, dispensing robots, laser processing robots, AGV, SCARA and parallel robots.

• The current international standardization organizations related to robots mainly include the following:

1) ISO (International Organization for Standardization), the first International Organization for Standardization to conduct robotics standardization research, is mainly held by ISO/TC299, and there are currently 8 working groups in total;

2) IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission), mainly related to the safety and performance of service robots, and the functional safety of industrial robots, mainly including IEC/TC59, IEC/TC61, IEC/TC62, IEC/TC116 technical committees;

3) OMG (Object Management Organization) is an open-member, non-profit computer industry association dedicated to the establishment of modeling standards for procedures, systems and business processes and the formulation of model-based standards;

4) ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials) is the oldest and largest non-profit standards academic organization in the United States, mainly focusing on material specifications and test methods;

5) IEEE (American Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineering) is an international association of electronic technology and information science engineers, and the world's largest non-profit professional technical society;

6) DIN (German Association for Standardization);

7) KSA (Korea Standards Association);

8) ANSI (American National Standards Institute)

9) JSA (Japan Standardization Association);

10) BSI (British Standards Institute);

11) AFNOR (French Association for Standardization);

12) GOST (Russian Standards Association).

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